Geography

In Turkiye, one of the primary factors that shape its social, economic, cultural, and political landscape is its geographic location on the world map. The country sits at the crossroads of Asia and Europe, making it a distinctive and strategic location. Turkiye’s location is also significant because it intersects with several regions, including the Balkans, the Caucasus, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean basin. As a result of this strategic position, travelers can reach various destinations within four hours or less from Istanbul, including Finland, Morocco, Spain, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Russia, Turkmenistan, and England. It is noteworthy that Turkish Airlines holds the distinction of being the airline with the most direct flights to destinations worldwide.

Meeting Point of Europe and Asia

Turkiye is a vast country with the largest surface area of any country on the European continent. Its east-west expanse covers over 2000 kilometers. The majority of its territory lies on the Asian continent and is known as Anatolia or Asia Minor, with a smaller portion situated on the European continent known as Thrace. These two regions are situated close to each other and are connected by three bridges in Istanbul, allowing for travel between the two continents by road. For those who enjoy swimming, the National Olympic Committee of Turkiye holds an annual Intercontinental Swimming Race, offering a unique experience. Turkiye shares borders with several neighboring countries, including Georgia and Armenia to the northeast, Azerbaijan and Iran to the east, Iraq and Syria to the southeast, and Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest. Turkiye is located on a rectangular peninsula as depicted on the map, with the Black Sea to its north and the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas to its south and southwest, respectively.

Unique Nature

Turkiye is a peninsula that is surrounded by the sea to the north, west, and south. However, the country’s geography is predominantly mountainous, with an average altitude of 1132 meters. Turkiye’s geography is also embellished with numerous rivers and lakes, including Van Lake, which is almost the size of an inland sea, the Kızılırmak, which is the longest river in the country, and the ancient rivers of Fırat and Dicle. These natural wonders attract millions of local and foreign tourists every year to Turkiye.

Four Seasons Turkiye

Turkiye is a country where different climates can be seen as a result of both geographical location and its distinctive geographical characteristics. Since the country is surrounded by sea on three sides and most of its surface area is rough and mountainous, there are serious climate differences between inland and coastal regions. In western and southern coastal regions, Mediterranean climate is dominant and in winter rainfall in these regions is quite low. However, in regions with high altitudes, rather cold winter seasons are experienced compared to other Mediterranean countries.

Following table shows the average temperatures of some provinces by months. Remember, Celsius (° C) is used as temperature measurement unit in Turkiye . In addition, it is worth remembering that the academic year in universities in Turkiye is two periods, the autumn period is mostly between September and January, and the spring period is between February and June!Turkiye 

Average TemperatureWinterSpringSummerAutumn
İstanbul
6,8
12,1
23
15,8
Ankara
1,4
11
22,3
12,9
İzmir
9,5
16
27
18,8
Antalya
10,8
16,5
27,3
20,3
Trabzon
8
12
22,3
16,6
Erzurum
-7,6
4,5
17,9
7,9
Gaziantep
4
13,3
26,4
16,1
Bursa
6,3
12,9
23,6
15,5