Which is better, studying in Turkey or Russia?

Which is better, studying in Turkey or Russia?

University And Program Diversity

Studying abroad has become popular among many university students seeking academic excellence and advanced educational opportunities offered by foreign universities. As a result, students often need clarification on the abundance of study destinations that offer similar academic benefits, and they choose between them based on their educational requirements and budgets. Today, we will compare two distinguished study destinations abroad, Turkey and Russia, and answer many of our students’ questions: Which is better for studying Turkey or Russia?

To answer this question, we need first to understand the higher education systems in both countries and compare them.

Higher Education System in Turkey:

The Turkish higher education system follows the Bologna Process, which Turkey joined in 2001, along with many European countries. This system aims to provide high-quality academic education, which all Turkish higher education institutions apply. With Turkey’s participation in the Bologna Process, all European higher education institutions implemented the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS).

The ECTS allows the exchange of credits or points earned by students during their study period between higher education institutions across Europe, making it easier for students to move between countries and have their academic qualifications recognized. Based on this, students who earn a university degree from a Turkish institution can easily continue their studies in universities in European countries that are part of the Bologna Process.

The Turkish higher education system is divided into three academic levels:

  • Bachelor’s Degree: The study duration for all majors is four years, except for dentistry, pharmacy, and veterinary medicine, which take five years. The human medicine program takes six years.
  • Master’s Degree: This postgraduate degree follows the bachelor’s degree. The duration of the master’s program is two years with a thesis or one and a half years without a thesis.
  • Doctorate: The highest academic degree that can be obtained and takes four years to complete.

Higher Education System in Russia:

Russia also adopted the Bologna Process in 2003. However, due to recent political events, the monitoring group for the Bologna Process decided to suspend the representation rights of the Russian Federation in the European Higher Education Area and the Bologna Process. Russia also announced its decision to leave the Bologna Process and implement a new higher education system called the six-year system.

This system is based on the concept of 2 + 2 + 2, where the first two years (equivalent to a bachelor’s degree) are dedicated to acquiring basic knowledge for students. The following two years are for specialization (a specialized degree), and the final two are for master’s level studies.

This system allows students to choose their specialization after gaining general knowledge and exploring their academic interests, starting from the third academic year. Although Russia has made advances in science and academia, leaving the Bologna Process means that the degree obtained from Russian universities will only be recognized in Russia, especially in European countries, if it meets several requirements.

Which one is Better for Studying, Turkey or Russia?

After comparing the education systems in both countries and considering Russia’s departure from the Bologna Process, we can conclude that studying in Turkey offers many advantages compared to studying in Russia.

Turkey offers a variety of language options for studying in universities, including Turkish and English. Learning Turkish is relatively easy, as it includes many Arabic words, and there are preparatory language schools to help students learn Turkish.

Turkey has a more moderate and pleasant climate than Russia, known for its harsh cold weather. This makes Turkey a preferred destination for many international students, especially Arabs who often come from countries with moderate temperatures.

Another advantage is studying in a multicultural environment amidst the friendly and hospitable Turkish people, who respect and accept each other’s differences.

Turkish culture is a unique blend of classical European civilizations and Middle Eastern Islamic culture, making Turkey an ideal place where you can find a connection to your Arabic roots.

Some Arab students, especially Muslims, may find it challenging to adapt to Western culture in Russia, and they might face difficulties finding halal food in Russian restaurants.

Considering recent political developments, studying in Turkey would be a better option, as Turkey provides students with a safe and peaceful environment.

The cost of studying and living in Turkey is relatively low and very suitable for international students.

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