Law is the backbone of any state; it is the system that maintains discipline and security within it. Because it protects the rights of citizens and the state alike, everyone can fulfill their duties toward their communities under its umbrella. Law is defined as a set of rules related to social customs and behaviors that are recognized as binding on members of society. The law is enforced, and penalties are imposed in cases of violations through specialized government institutions. In this article, let’s explore everything you need to know about studying law in Turkey.
History of Law Studies in Turkey
Law is one of the social and human sciences that has developed in Turkey with the flourishing of the Ottoman Empire. The history of the first law school dates back to 1839, known as the Bureau of Legal Knowledge, established in Istanbul to train civil servants for implementing state reforms. A modern legal education curriculum emerged with the establishment of courts and the Judicial Council in 1868. Law schools continued to be established in the Ottoman Empire, with the Istanbul University Faculty of Law being Turkey’s first and oldest law school. It was further developed and renamed as the Faculty of Law in 1924 with the declaration of the Republic.
Studying Law in Turkey
Law is one of the most important academic disciplines that have applications in various sectors. It is continually updated to align with societal changes and developments. For example, with digital advancements, there is a significant emphasis on enacting laws to curb privacy breaches and cybercrimes.
Turkish universities offer advanced law programs designed to educate and qualify lawyers and legal experts capable of:
- Understanding the principles, systems, and legal services
- In-depth understanding of the law on a philosophical level and the impact of the law on individuals’ lives
- Apply justice systems, resolve disputes, and enforce the law
Law degree Subjects in Turkey
You will study a variety of subjects, including:
- Human Rights
- International Public Law
- Constitutional Law
- Civil Law
- Criminal Law
- Administrative Law
- Islamic Law
- International Law
- Trade and Tax Laws
Law students should possess strong logic and argumentation skills and a high ethical responsibility. Additionally, they should have the ability to seek self-improvement continuously.
Duration of Law Degree in Turkey
You can study law in Turkey either through professional schools, which take two years to complete or through faculties of law, which require four years of study. If you join the language preparatory school, another year may extend this duration. A master’s degree in law takes two years with a thesis or a year and a half without a thesis.
*Completing a professional training year in a legal institution is required to obtain a license to practice law.
Language of Instruction for Law Degree in Turkey
Many Turkish universities, especially private ones, offer diverse law programs in both English and Turkish.
Admission Requirements for Law Degree in Turkey
Generally, admission to law programs in Turkish universities does not require specific entrance exams. Students need a high school diploma with a grade point average exceeding 50%. Additionally, they must provide proof of language proficiency in the language of instruction for their chosen program. Students who do not have language proficiency certificates may be required to take a language proficiency test. If they do not meet the required score, they must attend a language preparatory year offered by Turkish universities.
Cost of Studying Law in Turkey
The cost of studying law in Turkish universities varies depending on the academic level and the language of instruction, as follows:
- The cost of undergraduate law programs starts at $3,700 per year.
- The cost of a master’s program in law starts at $2,250 for the program.
Career Opportunities for Law Graduates
The field of law offers prestigious and diverse career opportunities in the job market. Graduates can work in various roles, including:
- Lawyer in a law firm or attorney’s office
- Legal consultant for companies and banks
- Legal researcher
- Political researcher
- Administrative inspector